The teaching system of HSL is based on participatory pedagogic methodology. The following variety of teaching methods are employed:
Lectures: In the Law School, the main teaching method is the class lectures.
Class Discussions: This is an interactive method which involves discussion of prepared papers on different topics.
Tutorials: A student is assigned to a tutorial group for each course who meets the tutor on weekly or fortnightly basis for discussion on prepared questions and other problems encountered by the student. On account of the small number of the group members, the students get the benefit of detailed discussion on legal issues and problems.
Seminars: This teaching method involves discussion of presentations from professionals and students. Assignments: The course-in-charge give assignments to the students to prepare studies on different topics and write term papers, reviews of books, case law and answers to given questions.
Assessment: Assessment of the degree of LL.B is predominantly by written examination.
Personal Tutor: On admission, a student is assigned a personal tutor, a member of the full-time faculty, who remains available to the student for advice on any academic or personal matter throughout his or her stay at the Law School.
A functional library provides needed text books are available. All Pakistan Law Reports, all England Law Reports, all India Reporter, United States Supreme Court Reports, Canadian Law Reports and other reports and journals are also available for students and for research purpose. The Law Library remains open on working days for 12 hours. Computer Lab: With the LL.B course, regular classes in Information Technology are also conducted throughout the 3 year course leading to a Diploma (In Law). A computer lab has been set up for use by the students.
For the students in choosing the right career path, guidance is given from second year onwards. The School provides information and guidance to facilitate students` future prospects, both academically and professionally. Academically, the students have the resources and guidance from School Faculty on how to proceed for further studies (e.g. Barrister-at-Law, LL.M.) Professionally, the School provides information about placements or internships in different firms and chambers during vacation. Information and guidance is also provided about the vacancies after the completion of the degree course.
A Bachelor or equivalent degree is required to apply for admission in the Law School. There is a Law/School Admission Test (written) which is followed by an interview. Applicants are evaluated on the basis of past academic record and performance in admission test and interview.
Duration: 3 years Program (6 Semesters)
Campus: Adamji Nagar Campus The LL.B degree program is a 3 year course, each year there are two semesters of 18 weeks each. The degree is designed to be corresponding with the yearly pattern prescribed by the Pakistan Bar Council.
On the establishment of faculty of legal studies and commencement of full time law classes at the Hamdard School of Law (HSL) it was felt by both, Chief Justice (R) Ajmal Mian then Chancellor, as well as the Dean of Legal Studies, Justice (R) Nasir Aslam Zahid that, in view of the amendment made, by way of a proviso, in rule 3 of the Pakistan Bar Council Legal Education Rules, 1978, BA classes should be taught by HSL. In accordance with this, the Board of Governors was pleased to grant permission to the Faculty of Legal Studies to launch a BA program. The Hamdard School of Law has been holding a three years Law Program, as envisaged by the Legal Practitioner and Pakistan Bar Council Act, 1973 with amendment thereto. However, in 1992 an amendment was introduced in Legal Education Rules of Pakistan Bar Council Act whereby it was made optional that BA Course should be introduced for preparing the aspiring students who wish to enter the legal profession. However such condition was not made a mandatory, as such Hamdard School of Law continues to conduct classes on full time basis as a Three Year Law Program.
Over the years it has been felt by all members of the faculty of legal studies that students taking admission in law classes have poor understanding of the English Language and weak writing and communication skills. It has also been felt that the students lack the basic educational requirements for the study of law. Being unacquainted with subjects such as logic and critical reasoning, the students invariably lack in-depth knowledge and information in areas of sociology, literature and economics that have a direct impact on law and the legal profession.
In view of these factors, LL.B. 5 – Year Program has always been a priority with HSL and It was recently decided after meetings between the Faculty of Legal Studies and Mrs. Sadia Rashid President of Hamdard Foundation that HSL should forthwith initiate its BA program. One of the reasons for this new initiative is to substantially facilitate the Hamdard Public School students who have completed their intermediate program to pursue legal education which was previously unavailable.
It is also necessary to state that while the course designing process for the BA was underway, a new notification published on 30th October 2010 came to light. This notification brought substantive changes in the structure of legal education by introducing new rules.
On the basis of the above-stated reasons and the prerequisites laid down by the PBC, it has become imperative for the LL.B. 5 – Year Program to begin immediately and the five years course has now become mandatory in every law school in Pakistan.
The Hamdard School of Law Executive Board meeting recently held, chaired by the Honorable Vice Chancellor, decided that Hamdard School of Law will continue with both the streams discussed herein above till such time as a complete transition to the envisaged five years LL.B. program is not finalized.
The introduction of the BA program prior to the LL.B. program will make one cumulative degree, referred to as the LL.B. 5 – Year Program. This LL.B. degree will be a five year degree as required by the Pakistan Bar Council vide Notification No: [S.R.O.1008(I)/2010]. It is to be noted that there will be no possibility of receiving a BA degree on the completion of the first two years; students enrolling in the program will only be eligible to receive on LL.B. degree upon completion of the five years course.
The target group is middle to lower middle class persons. The introduction of a BA program prior to the LL.B. program seeks to provide students, desirous of doing their LL.B., with a more comprehensive social sciences background. It has been observed in the LL.B. classes that, secondary education received by students enrolling in the program is not encouraging: the students lack knowledge of important social science disciplines and the ability to read, write and speak English language is wanting. The introduction of a five year LL.B. will allow us to teach the students language proficiency and communication skills in the first two semesters of their BA so as to be able to focus entirely on legal disciplines in the last three years. This will greatly improve the level of discussions in the classrooms and ensure that graduating students are not only good lawyers, but excellent orators and writers as well.
Our BA program will be distinct from other programs in Sindh for two main reasons. Firstly, it will be geared towards a legal degree and therefore courses taught will prepare students for the study of law. Students will be taught how to think critically, write persuasive essays and speak both Urdu and English with ease. Secondly, we will teach students the basics of diverse disciplines, such as accounting, computer science, mathematics and economics, so as to ensure that the students have a basic knowledge of terms and concepts particular to such disciplines but which they will encounter during their legal career.
The BA program will constitute four semesters and each semester will offer 5 mandatory courses. In every semester there will be four, (4) credit courses and one six (6) credit course, i.e. each semester, students will be required to take a maximum of 24 credits.
A course`s credit number is allocated based on two main factors:
The number of hours spent in-class.
The number of hours of work expected from a student outside the class.
Half the courses have been assigned a credit weightage of 4. This amounts to an approximate total of 4 hours spent in class each week. These may be utilized in 2 hours classes twice a week, or in an arrangement most preferable to the instructor. In addition to in-class teaching, the students are assigned homework assignments and are quizzed and /or required to make presentations in class depending on the instructor`s course design. The other 12 courses that have been allocated 6 credits. The additional credit burden reflects more hours in class as well as extra amount of assignments and out-of-class workload. Students are expected to achieve a high level of understanding and confidence with regard to both languages, be able to address audiences, make presentations and write papers effectively.
It is left to the personal discretion of each instructor to divide the course assessment. The single mandatory component is a final exam weighing between 50 – 70% of the entire grade. The remaining 30 – 50% may be assessed as per the instructor`s discretion. This assessment may be based on term papers, class participation, attendance, quizzes, assignments or in-class presentations.
(Note: this is not an exhaustive list) Grading will be absolute so that individual student grades remain unaffected by their peers. Details of grading cut-offs and letter grade point allocation are given below.
In two years of the BA, the breakdown of course will be as demonstrated by the table below:
Students should have completed 130 credits in two years in order to have completed the BA requirements. It should be noted that for the first couple of years the course offered to a student each semester will all be mandatory but the law school can, when it deems fit, offer electives or alter the course structure.
Since the BA program being introduced is connected to the LL.B. program and focuses on preparing students for the LL.B. the only specialization offered will be law. However, since the BA program, once started will be completely linked with the LL.B. program, no specialization will be listed in the degree.
The BA program will offer two semesters each year, i.e. autumn and spring. Each semester a total of five mandatory courses will be offered and each student will have to take all 5 courses, i.e. a total of 22 credits each semester.
The faculty of the Law School will enjoy complete discretion on admissions. The minimum criteria for admissions will be 55% in Intermediate Examination and `C` grade average in A-levels. The admissions will depend on the assessment of the applicant students in internal examination based on SAT format, developed by Hamdard School of Law.