Pharmacy is concerned with the design, evaluation, production and use of medicines. As such, it is based on the chemical, biological and medical sciences.
A pharmacist is an expert in medicines and their use. For example, they know how drugs interact with the body, their side-effects, how they interact with other drug substances, and how they should be formulated to have optimal therapeutic efficacy. They also serve patients and the community by providing information and advice on health, providing medications and associated services, and by referring patients to other sources of help and care, such as doctors, when necessary.
Pharmacists, in and out of the community pharmacy, are specialists in the science and clinical use of medications. They must be knowledgeable about the composition of drugs, their chemical and physical properties, and their manufacture and uses, as well as how products are tested for purity and strength. Additionally, a pharmacist needs to understand the activity of a drug and how it will work within the body. More and more prescribers rely on pharmacists for information about various drugs, their availability, and their activity, just as patrons do when they ask about non-prescription medications.
The answer to this is anywhere! Pharmacist’s skills are in demand worldwide. Pharmacists are expert health professionals and after five years of study and training you’ll find many doors open to you and a career that offers flexibility, variety, opportunity, satisfaction and excellent rewards.
Hospital pharmacists are a vital part of the health care team. Working in either the public or private hospitals, being a hospital pharmacist means you’re part of a team, where the focus is firmly on patient. Hospital pharmacists are an integral part of the multi-disciplinary team consisting of doctors, nurses, and other allied health professionals, by with doctors writing policies governing medication use and championing safe and effective use of medications in the hospital setting. They provide valuable advice and drug information not only to the patients but to other healthcare providers as well. Hospital pharmacists often deliver nurses’ and doctors’ continuing education lectures. They manage the purchase, distribution and inventories of medicines for the whole hospital. Hospital pharmacists are experts in various specialized fields such as Psychiatry, Infectious Diseases, Cardiology, Geriatrics and Oncology. In the clinic setting, these pharmacists are your partners in chronic disease management, optimization of medications in the anti- coagulation, heart failure and lipid clinic among many others.
Industrial pharmacists do many things but they are mainly involved in their research and development of new medicines, ensuring their safety and quality. These industrial based pharmacists ensure the manufacturing process of medications adhere to strict standards, like Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP), for quality assurance (QA) purposes. Through QA, they ensure that the final product contains the active ingredient(s) as intended, and in the correct amount or proportion. It is then that front line prescriber and pharmacists have the assurance that the effect to the medication is consistent and safe for patients’ consumption.
Community pharmacists work at the front line of health care in cities, towns and villages across Pakistan. They Work from their own pharmacies or out of local healthcare centers and doctor’s surgeries. Community pharmacists are your friendly partners in healthcare. They are experts in Pharmacy-only and Over-The-Counter medications, including those for the management of minor ailments. As a community pharmacist your job would be all about helping the public, assessing medicines and offering your patients advice and practical help on keeping healthy. It is a very responsible job and community pharmacists tend to be highly respected members of their communities. Community pharmacists are also taking on or more of the clinical roles that have traditionally been undertaken by doctors, such as the management of asthma and diabetes as well as blood pressure testing. They also help people give up smoking, they are able to adjust doses of cholesterol, diabetes and blood pressure medications, and are best source of advice on health related matters like weight management, vitamins and supplements.
These pharmacists are the experts in research and they aim to find cures for untreated illnesses or medications with fewer side effects for the better of patients. The play various roles from designing or implementing protocols to conducting clinical trials, for studying or comparing effectiveness and safety of new medications before its launch into markets.
Pharmaceutical Sales and Marketing:
Combining pharmaceutical knowledge and communication skills to promote latest drugs to healthcare providers, Sales and Marketing pharmacists aim to introduce and educate their fellow healthcare providers about new treatment options to benefit the patients. They are an important channel of distribution from pharmaceutical companies to end users.
Whether it’s teaching, research, practicing or a mix of all three, academic pharmacists enjoy exciting careers in Universities, research institutes and other organizations around the world. They possess in-depth pharmaceutical knowledge and play a pivotal role in educating future generations of pharmacists. They are the lecturers and tutors who impart there in valuable knowledge to the pharmacy students in the universities or colleges. Some of them engage in research activities, for example, new drug discoveries and manufacturing technologies while others are clinicians who actively contribute to the care of the patients.
Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs:
Also known as the “law enforcers”, these pharmacists formulate and implement healthcare policies and regulations in Pakistan. They assist in ensuring quality, safety, and cost effective use of medications. Some are also involved in preparing new drug applications to enable timely access of safe, efficacious and high-quality medications. Another important role they play is the safe-guarding of importing and registration of medications and medical devices.